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Disaster Risk Reduction

  Photo source: Routledge Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the impact of natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunami, cyclones or floods. DRR is about being proactive rather than reactive. The root causes of disaster risk are part of everyday lives and disasters tend to disproportionately affect developing countries. Because of this, DRR and development are significantly entwined. Some factors that influence disaster risk include population density, poor land-use, institutional plans and policies e.g. communication and early warning systems, public education and awareness of the hazard, construction styles/ building codes, level of peace and security and degree of poverty. DRR involves every part of society; national and local government, businesses and organisations, communities and individuals.

Frameworks and Guidelines

General Resources

DRR and CCA Resources

 Frameworks and Guidelines

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

In a meeting held 14 -18 March in Sendai Japan, 187 UN member States adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reducation, which follows on from the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005 -2015).

The framework outlines seven global targets to be achieved over the next 15 years: a substantial reduction in global disaster mortality; a substantial reduction in numbers of affected people; a reduction in economic losses in relation to global GDP; substantial reduction in disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, including health and education facilities; an increase in the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020; enhanced international cooperation; and increased access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments.

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Hyogo Framework for Action

The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) is coordinated by the UNISDR (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction). It seeks to plan, explain, describe and detail the work that is required from all different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses. It was developed and agreed on with the many partners needed to reduce disaster risk - governments, international agencies, disaster experts and many others - bringing them into a common system of coordination. The HFA outlines five priorities for action, and offers guiding principles and practical means for achieving disaster resilience. Its goal is to substantially reduce disaster losses by 2015 by building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. This means reducing loss of lives and social, economic, and environmental assets when hazards strike.

Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015

This paper synthesizes consultations held at the regional, national and community levels throughout the Asia-Pacific region on the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action or HFA2). The document is particularly targeted at countries and stakeholders from Asia Pacific for their engagement at the global deliberations on HFA2 at the Fourth Session of the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (4th GPDRR) in May 2013. It also informs all stakeholders and countries engaged in the HFA2 discussions. 
The paper describes the consultation approach that has been adopted in Asia Pacific and summarizes the key issues and proposals resulting from these consultations. It highlights issues for consideration in the next phase of consultations for HFA2 post the 4th GPDRR.

 

 General Resources

Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery Factsheet

This UNDP produced factsheet provides an easy introduction on DRR and the role of the UNDP. More than 90 percent of disaster fatalities occur in developing countries. It is the poor who live in the most vulnerable and least prepared countries, who suffer most when catastrophe occurs.

UNDP Fast Facts: Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery

 

Disaster Risk Management in East Asia and the Pacific

This report offers a comprehensive guide for decision makers around disaster risk management in East Asia and the Pacific. This region is the most disaster-stricken region in the world, with multiple challenges to building resilience. As rapid urbanization continues, one of the main drivers of risk is poorly planned cities, which puts more people and assets in harm’s way. In relative terms, the small Pacific island countries are among the most affected in the world.

A Strategic Policy Guide for Disaster Risk Management in East Asia and the Pacific

 DRR and CCA

Building Resilience: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk into Development 

This report presents the World Bank’s experience in climate and disaster resilient development, and contends that such development is essential to eliminating extreme poverty and achieving shared prosperity by 2030. The report suggests that the international community should lead by example by further promoting approaches that progressively link climate and disaster resilience to broader development paths,and funding them appropriately.

Building Resilience: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk into Development

 

Toward Resilience: A Guide to DRR and CCA

This guide provides essential introductory information, principals of effective practice, guidelines for action in a range of sectors and settings, case studies and links to useful tools and resources, for the application of an integrated, rights-based approach to disaster reduction and climate change adaptation.

Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation